Forest and Environment Development
River Control through Bio-engineering
Bio-engineering technology is the combination of engineering and vegetative method to control soil erosion, landslides, flooding by using local resources and plant materials. This technology is more popular in Nepal for river control as well as landslides in mountain. This technology is very successful for controlling mechanism of flooding. Environmentally, it is not harmful in any extent. This technology is more cost effective and easily available that can easily adopt by grass root level community to control flooding and landslides. The rural community adopts this technology very simply due to its simple methods of implementation and installation. Basically, brushwood checkdam, bamboo checkdam is used for soil conservation and for improvement of soil. This technology is adopted also for the conservation of land productivity, soil reclamation. This is very effective and efficient technology that bends and controls the direction of water current and river cutting respectively. The local materials like: Bamboo, Sand, Hedge plants, plastic sacks, etc are used in this technology.
Several bio-engineering structures constructed in the basic initiation of community. The sensitive sites of river cutting are in control from the damage of flooding. It diverted the current of river water and fertility of soil is saving from flooding.
School gardening is an appropriate option for better environment and better health surrounding the school area. It stands for an indication of greenery environment, which is initiated from children place. The major component for the conservation of environment is greenery creation. The children are origin of development and the program is also originated from school, which motivate and encourage the community to initiate the activity for greenery like this. In this program, different types of forestry, horticulture, medicinal, flowering plants are planted for purification of air as well as to maintain shade and cool. Due to the increasing way of industrialization, even school area is also in the influence of pollution, so the school gardening program in the schools will improve the surrounding environment of the school for better health and hygiene of children, which can gain by plantation of greenery. School gardening program has covered several schools in the several working locations of the organization.
Environmental Awareness Training and Plantation through Child Clubs
This program module was designed for the awareness creation on environment through children. The real beneficiaries of the program are school going children. More than thousand children were involved in the program from primary, middle secondary and secondary schools in the first phase of the program. The whole children represent from child clubs of the district. The equal participation of girls and boys is necessary for the activity to disseminate the message by maintaining Gender and Equality. In this activity, every child club in Bara district got opportunity for active participation in the awareness movement. Generally, 15-16 children from one child club get chance to participate. After the awareness training on environment conservation and development, it is necessary to plant at least 2 seedlings at their own private land for the dual purpose i.e. environment conservation and livelihood for their family. Basically, they use mango seedlings to plant in their private land by their own initiation.
To make the activity more replicable and effective, the organization manages extra extension materials including effective slogan on environment development and management. Generally, cap and vests are used for wearing by the same children with environmental slogan. This key concept multiplies the message dissemination by conveying it through the children to the mass of community. The children use their own name plates for their planting mango seedlings. In this way, they care and nurse the plants by themselves, getting ownership feeling.
Bio-fencing stands for fencing work with non-thorny and environment friendly hedge plants. In several working locations of RRAFDC, there are near about 85 ECCDs (Early Child Care and Development) centres. Children get primary education and better nourishment at the centers Up to 5 years. For undertaking their entire care and development, generally, 25 children admit in one centre and after 5 years of their age, they are supported to admit in school. There was small kitchen garden as well as some playing infrastructures in the centres for physical development of children. To protect the kitchen garden under ECCD, bio-fencing is promoted on environment friendly mechanism. The ECCDs should be child friendly and environment friendly, keeping this fact in mind, RRAFDC introduced bio-fencing in ECCDs by using numerous hedge plants and non-thorny species to protect kitchen garden and playing tools of children kept in ECCD centres. The fencing structure protects those playing tools and kitchen gardens by outsider, cattle, hen, etc. RRAFDC utilize and mobilize local resources in its each and every activity and so generally, it uses local hedge plants like: kamini, mehandi, green duranta, golden duranta, ipil-ipil, etc.
Roadside and Community Plantation
The waste and unproductive lands where the possibility of agricultural production is very low, those types of barren lands used for forestry plantation as an objective of community development. The major target communities involved in the plantation activity are women groups, child clubs, youth groups, schools, temples, etc. Up to date, RRAFDC has performed the plantation interventions with those communities at/on roadside lands, the lands owning by temple, schools' land, public lands at VDCs, land occupied by public ponds, etc. The involved target communities are fully responsible for overall management, protection and benefit sharing. They have legal rights to get benefit from the entire plantation on the basis of written agreement with land provider i.e. VDC, School, Temple, etc.