Model Goat Raising Program
This is the first livestock interventions introduced by RRAFDC for demonstration as a better income generation in the southern terai region of Bara, Nepal. A good pasture as well as fodder plantation is developed and it is in practice to promote the goat farming through private and public land agro-forestry. The high demand of baby goats by general people shows its relevancy for better income generation in the community. RRAFDC, at first, established a demonstration farm for raising and for transferring the breed in the general goats from the hybrid one and then it formed several women sub groups under existing agro-forestry groups for the replication of goat farming in the mass way. Women groups mobilize their own group fund for the goat farming in the group approach. The assistance as well as co-ordination with line ministries for the technical backstopping is also done by RRAFDC.
In the first year, only five members amongst the whole members of a group get individual goat for care and management. After delivery of more baby goats, one goat is transferred to other member in the same group. The he-goat is common for the breeding purpose in a group and the responsibility of its care and protection is combinely taken by whole group members. RRAFDC has designed this replicable model as a supportive activity for the women groups involved in agro-forestry activity at several locations of project sites. It manages the extra income of the group for sustainable and integrated development of agro-forestry interventions.
Aqua-fishery Program is also an option to promote the livelihood of needy grass root community. This program is also continuing on the women group approach. The income and benefit direct goes to their fund and they decide in group meeting for further investment and utilization of fund for extra activities. Generally, the fishery pond is constructed on public land for common rights of entire members. The local government as well as institutions provides public land to the group on written agreement for certain time. This intervention seems very effective and relevant for income generation to upgrade the socio-economic status as per their livelihood.
Grass species, shrubs and rhizomes also planted for soil binding. The NGO provides technical support to the groups for capacity building and business planning.
Meetings held at District Agriculture Development Office, Bara sitting with Veterinary Technician, Village Development Committee, concerned beneficiary groups along with line agencies for planning, implementation and monitoring of the project activities. The government agencies cooperate for providing proper technical supports.